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2023

Antidiscrimination Law Strengthened

Vermont strengthened its antidiscrimination law, the Fair Employment Practices Act (FEPA), in several ways. The following changes, which apply to employers of all sizes, took effect on July 1, 2023.

Harassment Protections Expanded

The law no longer requires that conduct be “severe or pervasive” to constitute harassment or sexual harassment. This expands the scope of conduct that might be considered harassment and makes state law more protective than federal law.

FEPA now also includes a definition of harass, which means to engage in unwelcome conduct based on a protected category that interferes with the employee’s work or creates a work environment that is intimidating, hostile, or offensive. Additionally, the definition of sexual harassment no longer requires that the offending conduct substantially interfere with an employee’s performance at work—it only needs to interfere with their work.

Conduct can constitute harassment even if, for example:

  • It only occurred one time
  • The complaining employee permitted it or participated in it
  • The conduct occurred outside the workplace

Pay Equity Covers More Protected Characteristics

FEPA’s pay equity provisions prohibit employers from paying different rates to members of different protected classes for equal work. Previously, the law only addressed differences for employees of different sexes, but it now covers race, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability.

HR Services Team
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